Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research, CNCS-UEFISCDI

Project number PN-II-RU-PD-2011-3-0030

 

Between Propaganda and Repression.
The Collectivization of the Romanian Agriculture
and the Metamorphoses of the Rural World
(1949-1962)

 

Project leader: Borșa Sanda Maria
 

General
information

Summary /Description
of the
research project

Budget

Project
results


General information

Project leader: Borșa Sanda Maria

Project duration: November 2011 – November 2013

 

Summary / Description of the research project

Our project entitled “Between Propaganda and Repression. The Collectivization of the Romanian Agriculture and the Metamorphoses of the Rural World (1949-1962)” provides an innovative approach of the process of collectivization focusing more on the transformations experienced by the individual and the rural community, and less on the description of the political-economic evolution of collectivization, a common approach in historiography so far. The lack of relevant works multiplies the challenges of this topic, which we will address by means of a rich methodology and using the data gathered through archive documentation and interviews. The challenges consist in: mapping the immixtion of the party-state into the rural area and the surveillance and control exercised over the daily life of the peasants; analyzing the creation and reorganization of the social hierarchies inside the villages and their impact on the whole society; investigating the perception of peasants with regard to the changing human relations; investigating the strategies of transforming the peasant into a “new man” according to the patterns and models imagined by the regime; analyzing the mechanisms of pressure and repression used during collectivization and their impact on communities, families and individuals; analyzing the emergence of distinctive types of propaganda used in collectivization and its consequences for the inhabitants and the social architecture of the rural space.

Budget

Budget chapter

 (expenses)

2011
(lei)

2012
(lei)

2013
(lei)

Total
(lei)

Salaries

17574

118958

91468

228000

Inventory

-

7572,28

8000

15572,28

Mobility

-

8297,72

9000

17297,72

Overhead

2636

20224

16270

39130

Total

20210

155052

124738

300000

 

Project results

2011

Articles

Sanda Borșa, ”Colectivizare si metamorfoze sociale in raioanele Gherla și Năsaud. O perspectiva comparativa” (”Collectivization and social metamorphoses in Gherla and Năsaud counties. A comparative perspective”), in Anuarul Institutului de Studii ItaloRoman, vol VIII, an 2011, pp.147-157.

Conferences

Presentation entitled ”From Ideology to Terror: The Demonization of Kulaks/chiaburi during the Collectivization of Agriculture”, in International Symposium ”The Demonical Nature of Power. Philosophical Perspectives on Political Utopias” (November 25, 2011, Iași).

Research internships  

The National Archives, Cluj County Branch Office (November)

 

2012

Articles

  1. ISI

Sanda Borșa, “Between Persuasion and Coercion: The Collectivization of Agriculture in Romania (1949-1962)”, in Transylvanian Review, vol. XXI, Supplement No.3/ 2012, “Scholars in Dialogue. Multidisciplinary Approches in Dealing with the Past in Transylvania”, edited by Corina Moldovan, Ionut Costea, Lavinia S. Stan, pp.461-471.

  1. BDI

Sanda Borșa, “O Romanie agrara sau una industrializata? Chestiunea specializarii in cadrul CAER (1959-1963)” (An agrarian Romania or an industrialized one? The question of specialization within the COMECON (1959-1963)”, in Studia Securitatis, an 6,  nr. 1/2012, pp.101-110.

Conferences

Presentation entitled ”Le monde rural entre la pression et la répression de la collectivisation en Roumanie (1949-1962)”, in “I International Congress for Young Researchers in the Humanities. New lines for researching in the Humanities” (April 18-20, 2012, Barcelona, Spain);

Presentation entitled ”Regimul comunist versus lumea rurală în primii ani ai procesului de colectivizare a agriculturii românești (1949-1952)”, in “International Scientific Conference: Logos, Universality, Mentality, Education, Novelty” (May 21 – June 3, 2012, Iași);

Presentation entitled “Agricultura româneasca: miza disensiunilor româno-sovietice din CAER”, in International Symposium “Statuia identității naționale versus monumentul alterității”, (October 26-27, 2012, Baia-Mare).

Research internships

 The National Central History Archives, Bucharest (5-8 June);

Open Society Archives, Budapest and the Hungarian Science Academy, Budapest (22 July – 6 August);

The National Central History Archives, Bucharest (11-18 November);

The National Archives, Bistrița-Năsăud County Branch Office (19-21 November);

The National Archives, Cluj County Branch Office (all year round).

 

2013

Articles 

1. BDI

Sanda Borșa, „The beginnings of collectivization in Romania”, in Studia Universitatis Babeș-Bolyai Historia, nr. 2/2013 (forthcoming);

Sanda Borșa, Mihai Croitor, „In the name of marxism-leninism: ideological debates during the early ‛60s”, in International Journal on Humanistic Ideology, vol. VI, no. 2, Autumn-Winter 2013 (forthcoming).

2. Others

Sanda Borșa , “The Sovietization of Romania. Case-study: the collectivization of agriculture”, in Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, vol. 2, no. 8, October 2013, pp. 298-303.

 

Books 

Sanda Borșa, Between Propaganda and Repression: the Collectivization of the Romanian Agriculture and the Metamorphoses of the Rural World (1949-1962), Editura Mega, Cluj-Napoca, 2013, 203 p. , ISBN 978-606-543-386-1.

 

Conferences

Presentation entitled “The Sovietization of Romania. Case-study: the collectivization of agriculture”, in “3 International Conferences on Human and Social Sciences, ICHSS 2013” ,  (September 20-22, 2013 , Rome, Italy)

Presentation entitled “Un episod  al «transformării socialiste»: colectivizarea agriculturii în raionul Bistrița (1950-1962)” [“An episode of the “Socialist transformation” – the collectivization of agriculture in Bistrița district (1950-1962)” ], in International Symposium „Stalinizare și destalinizare. Evoluții instituționale și impact social” (July 4-7, 2013, Făgăraș-Sâmbăta de Sus)

 

Research internships:

The Archives of the National Council for the Study of the Securitate Archives, Bucharest (5-8 March)

The National Central History Archives, Bucharest (9-13 September)

 

Interviews with people involved in the collectivization of agriculture.